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Malcolm X Collection

An inventory of the collection at Syracuse University

Finding aid created by: MRC
Date: 4 Aug 2022

Biographical History

Malcolm X (1925-1965), also known as Malik el-Shabazz, was a Black Muslim minister and human rights activist. Born Malcolm Little, following a troubled childhood and adolescence he adopted the name Malcolm X and joined the Nation of Islam, becoming one of its most influential leaders. He was an active advocate for Black empowerment and racial justice, but some of his positions (such as advocating racial separation) were controversial. In the early 1960s he broke with the Nation of Islam and founded the Islamic Muslim Mosque and the Pan-African Organization of Afro-American Unity. He was assassinated in 1965; three members of the Nation were convicted of his murder. He and his wife, Betty Sanders, had six daughters.

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The Malcolm X Collection consists of material relating to the Black Muslim minister and human rights activist.

Arrangement of the Collection

Single folder.


Access Restrictions:

The majority of our archival and manuscript collections are housed offsite and require advanced notice for retrieval. Researchers are encouraged to contact us in advance concerning the collection material they wish to access for their research.

Use Restrictions:

Written permission must be obtained from SCRC and all relevant rights holders before publishing quotations, excerpts or images from any materials in this collection.

Related Material

See also the Grove Press Records for material relating to Malcolm X's posthumous autobiography, in collaboration with Alex Haley.

Subject Headings


X, Malcolm, 1925-1965.


African Americans -- Biography.
African Americans -- Civil rights -- 20th century.
Civil rights workers -- United States.
Muslims, Black -- Biography.

Genres and Forms

Fliers (printed matter)

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Preferred citation for this material is as follows:

Malcolm X Collection,
Special Collections Research Center,
Syracuse University Libraries

Acquisition Information

Purchase, 2021

Table of Contents

Printed material